The Only God Who Tells the Future and Makes It Happen ! ........................|TRANSLATE

Israel’s Future According to Moses (1500 BCE)


According to Moses, Israel’s future occupation of the Land promised to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, is contingent upon five historical events which will happen in sequence. These events are taken from Moses’ speech to Israel recorded in Deuteronomy 30: 1-10

This sequence of events that Prophet Moses spoke over the nation of Israel 3500 years ago, is as up-to-date as today’s newspaper. In fact, it does better than the newspaper. These events are rooted in History, yet they explain what tomorrow’s news will be.

1. All Jews will be dispersed from the homeland by the Lord G_d to all nations of the earth. Verse 1

NOTICE: The dispersion mentioned here is not the Babylonian captivity or similar event in Israel’s past. This dispersion is for ALL Israel, not 2 tribes or 10 tribes. And this dispersion places Israelites in nations around the globe. This dispersion is the one Israel has endured for about 1950 years since the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 CE. In 70 CE, the remaining two tribes were dispersed and joined the 10 tribes that had been previously scattered about 650 BCE. This began the dispersion of “All Israel” to “All Nations.”

2. Israel will call to G_d for deliverance from their scattered captivity. Verses 2,3,4,5

Israel, in their dispersion among all the nations, will remember the blessings and curses promised by Moses. They will call out to G_D for deliverance, and G_D will bring them back from their dispersion. G_D did hear their supplication, and the RETURN began to be planned about 150 years ago. It resulted in the Nation of Israel in 1948. G_D has brought Israel back from captivity in the farthest nations under heaven, to the Land of Israel’s fathers. G_D has prospered Israel greatly, and new immigrants to Israel are continuously returning from the farthest nations.

3. G_D will perform a New Circumcision on the Nation of Israel and its descendants, a Circumcision of the Heart, so that Israel will Love the L___D your G_D with all its heart and soul, and have life.      Verse 6

IMPLICATION: Currently, Israel as a Nation, does not love the Lord their G_D in the way G_D expects from them. G_D will intervene and change their attitude toward HIM. This will be a circumcision in the Spirit, not the old circumcision of the flesh.

WHEN WILL THIS TAKE PLACE?: No one knows for sure, but we have hints. The fact that #1 is complete, and #2 is partially complete, means that #3 is next in God’s Plan.

4. G_D will bring the curses on all the nations who are Israel’s enemies, those who hated and persecuted you. Verse 7

“Vengeance is mine, I will repay” Deut 32:35

5. And finally, the Lord your G_D will prosper Israel in the Land. Israel will abound in the work of your hand, the fruit of your body, the increase of livestock and the produce of your land for good. God will again rejoice over Israel for good, as He rejoiced over your fathers. Verses 8,9,10

G_D is in charge of the destiny of His people Israel. His plan for the ultimate blessing of Israel is right on schedule.I will lift up mine eyes to the hills from whence comes my help, my help comes from the Lord who made heavens and earth.” Psalm 121

Who is the Most High God?

Who is the Most High God?

Are you Searching for the Most High God?

Read the following text from the Bible:

The Deity of Jesus Christ

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. In Him was life, and the life was the Light of men. The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not  comprehend it.

The Witness 

There  came a man sent from God, whose name was John. He came  as a witness, to testify about the Light, so that all might believe through him. He was not the Light, but he came to testify about the Light.

The True Light

There was the true Light   which, coming into the world, enlightens every man. 10 He was in the world, and the world was made through Him, and the world did not know Him.     11 He came to His  own, and those who were His own did not receive Him. 12 But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name, 13 who were  born, not of   blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.

The Word took on Humanity:

14 And the Word became flesh, and  dwelt among us, and we saw His glory, glory as of  the only begotten from the Father, full of grace and truth. 15 John testified about Him and cried out, saying, “This was He of whom I said, ‘He who comes after me   has a higher rank than I, for He existed before me.’” 16 For of His fullness  we have all received, and   grace upon grace. 17 For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth  were realized through Jesus Christ. 18 No one has seen God at any time; the only begotten God who is in the bosom of the Father, He has explained Him.

God’s Love for You, Jesus Speaking:

16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His  only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life. 17 For God did not send the Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world might be saved through Him. 18 He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the  only begotten Son of God. 19 This is the judgment, that the Light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness rather than the Light, for their deeds were evil. 20 For everyone who does evil hates the Light, and does not come to the Light for fear that his deeds will be exposed. 21 But he who practices the truth comes to the Light, so that his deeds may be manifested as having been wrought in God.”

Eternal  Life through the Son:

JESUS said:  31 “He who comes from above is above all, he who is of the earth is from the earth and speaks of the earth. He who comes from heaven is above all. 32 What He has seen and heard, of that He testifies; and no one receives His testimony. 33 He who has received His testimony has set his seal to this, that God is true. 34 For He whom God has sent speaks the words of God;  for He gives the Spirit without measure. 35 The Father loves the Son and has given all things into His hand. 36 He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not  obey the Son will not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him.”

Jesus and the Father

18 For this reason therefore the Jews were seeking all the more to kill Him, because He not only was breaking the Sabbath, but also was calling God His own Father, making Himself equal with God.
19 Therefore Jesus answered and was saying to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, the Son can do nothing of Himself, unless it is something He sees the Father doing; for whatever the Father does, these things the Son also does in like manner.”

JESUS said: 20For the Father loves the Son, and shows Him all things that He Himself is doing; and the Father will show Him greater works than these, so that you will marvel. 21 For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son also gives life to whom He wishes. 22 For not even the Father judges anyone, but He has given all judgment to the Son, 23 so that all will honor the Son even as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him.”

JESUS said:   24 “Truly, truly, I say to you, he who hears My word, and believes Him who sent Me, has eternal life, and does not come into judgment, but has passed out of death into life.”

Jesus Arrested

28 Then they (Jewish officials)  led Jesus from Caiaphas into the Praetorium, and it was early; and they themselves did not enter into the Praetorium so that they would not be defiled, but might eat the Passover. 29 Therefore Pilate went out to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this Man?” 30 They answered and said to him, “If this Man were not an evil doer, we would not have delivered Him to you.”

JOHN 18,19
Jesus on Trial

33 Therefore Pilate entered again into the Praetorium, and summoned Jesus and said to Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?” 34 Jesus answered, “Are you saying this on your own initiative, or did others tell you about Me?” 35 Pilate answered, “I am not a Jew, am I? Your own nation and the chief priests delivered You to me; what have You done?” 36 Jesus answered, “My kingdom  is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, then My servants would be fighting so that I would not be handed over to the Jews; but as it is, My kingdom is not  of this realm.”
37 Therefore Pilate said to Him, “So You are a king?” Jesus answered, “You say correctly that I am a king. For this I have been born, and for this I have come into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth hears My voice.” 38 Pilate said to Him, “What is truth?”
13 Therefore when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called  The Pavement, but in  Hebrew, Gabbatha. 14 Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the   sixth hour. And he  said to the Jews, “Behold, your King!” 15 So they cried out, “Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!” Pilate *said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.”

Jesus Crucified

16 So he handed Him over to them to be crucified.
17 They took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, bearing His own cross, to the place called the Place of a Skull, which is called in Hebrew, Golgotha. 18 There they (the soldiers) crucified Him, and with Him two other men, one on either side, and Jesus in between. 19 Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written, “JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS.”

The Empty Tomb

Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came early to the tomb, while it was still dark, and saw the stone already taken away from the tomb. So she ran and came to Simon Peter and to the other disciple whom Jesus loved, and said to them, “They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid Him.” So Peter and the other disciple went forth, and they were going to the tomb. The two were running together; and the other disciple ran ahead faster than Peter and came to the tomb first; and stooping and looking in, he saw the linen wrappings lying there; but he did not go in. And so Simon Peter also came, following him, and entered the tomb; and he *saw the linen wrappings lying there, and the face-cloth which had been on His head, not lying with the linen wrappings, but rolled up in a place by itself. So the other disciple who had first come to the tomb then also entered, and he saw and believed. For as yet they did not understand the Scripture, that He must rise again from the dead. 10 So the disciples went away again to their own homes.

Jesus is Alive

11 But Mary was standing outside the tomb weeping; and so, as she wept, she stooped and looked into the tomb; 12 and she saw two angels in white sitting, one at the head and one at the feet, where the body of Jesus had been lying. 13 And they said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping?” She said to them, “Because they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid Him.” 14 When she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, and did not know that it was Jesus. 15 Jesus said to her, “Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?”  Supposing Him to be the gardener, she said to Him, “Sir, if you have carried Him away, tell me where you have laid Him, and I will take Him away.” 16 Jesus said to her, “Mary!” She turned and said to Him in Hebrew, “Rabboni!” (which means,Teacher).  17 Jesus said to her, “Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to My brethren and say to them, I ascend to My Father and your Father, and My God and your God.’” 18 Mary Magdalene came,  announcing to the disciples, “I have seen the Lord,” and that He had said these things to her.

24 But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came. 25 So the other disciples were saying to him, “We have seen the Lord!” But he said to them, “Unless I see in His hands the imprint of the nails, and put my finger into the place of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe.”

26 After eight days His disciples were again inside, and Thomas with them. Jesus came, the doors having been  shut, and stood in their midst and said, “Peace be with you.” 27 Then He said to Thomas, “Reach here with your finger, and see My hands and reach here your hand and put it into My side and do not be unbelieving, but believing. 28 Thomas answered and said to Him, “My Lord and my God!” 29 Jesus said to him,  “Because you have seen Me, have you believed?   Blessed are they who did not see, and yet  believed.”

30 Therefore many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; 31 but these have been written so that you may believe that Jesus is  the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing you may have life in His name.

See also: The Good News in the Bible

See also: The Most High God of the Bible.


  1.   Italics is text from the Bible.
  2.   (parenthesis) is my clarification.
  3.   Bible Text is NASB 95.

The Most High God and Mankind’s Earliest Religious Beliefs

Mankind’s Earliest Religious Beliefs


The study of Mankind’s earliest religious beliefs is a fascinating topic. Archeologists and historians have identified evidence of such activity from 3500-4000 BC in Egypt and Mesopotamia. The type of religious activity they have found is Polytheistic, because the deities vary depending on the culture, and there are multiple deities within cultures. Secondly, the objects of this worship are typically celestial objects, and deities fashioned after humans and animals, which are assumed to have special power over the circumstances of human existence.

The Two Assumptions regarding Mankind’s Earliest Religious Beliefs:

For the evolutionist who assumes that mankind developed over billions of years, polytheism would be a logical candidate for mankind’s earliest religious beliefs. As mankind gradually developed simple rational capabilities, they would have also developed simple religious beliefs.

However, for the person who assumes the accuracy of the biblical record, a different picture of mankind’s earliest religious beliefs is presented.  According to the Bible, mankind started out with Monotheism, not Polytheism!  From the beginning of man’s existence, mankind in general, worshipped the Most High God, Creator of heaven and earth. In this blog we will learn what the Bible record says about mankind’s earliest religious beliefs, and its relationship to the polytheism discovered by archeology.

Objection to the Biblical Record:

Some knowledgeable reader may immediately raise an objection: How can the Bible tell us anything about those earlier times when it was written by Moses who lived around 1500 BC? It is true that Moses wrote the earliest books of the Bible around 1500 BC. However, some of what Moses wrote describes events and people who lived thousands of years previously. So for this part of the biblical record, Moses no doubt wrote down what had been transmitted orally through previous generations, or had existed previously in a simpler written form.

So the real question becomes: How valid are the sources that Moses used in writing his account?  I maintain that the sources which Moses used are at least as reliable as the artifacts found by archeologists. Many Jewish scholars have accepted Moses’ source material as valid for thousands of years since. Jesus Christ Himself quoted Moses frequently. So until someone can prove that what Moses wrote is fictitious, I will  assume it has validity.

The Creator God

We will start in the Book of Romans, Chapter One. In verse 19, the Apostle Paul says that since the time of Creation (heavens, earth, and all life forms) God has held human beings responsible for acknowledging Him as the Omnipotent and Supernatural Creator. Verse 20 says that God has made Himself known to mankind through the things God has created. In other words, the heavens, the earth, and all life forms are THE EVIDENCE that a SUPERNATURAL BEING must have brought them into existence.
Creation of a Universe so infinitely beyond man’s capabilities, is evidence of an Omnipotent Creator. And Creation of a Human Being with rational and emotional capabilities, and all life functions directed by a astounding DNA code, is evidence of an All Knowing Source of Life as its Creator.

Mankind’s Earliest religious beliefs in the Creator God:

Next, Paul describes a period of time when the human race, in general, worshipped this SUPERNATURAL CREATOR. They saw all the magnificent evidence of HIM in the Creation (heavens, earth, life forms). Paul uses the following phrases to describe mankind’s initial knowledge of God, and their decision to move away from Him. Rom 1: v21-25.

1. ……although they (mankind) knew God, they…….v21
2. … they changed the glory of the incorruptible God, and ….v23
3. …. they exchanged the truth of God, and ……..v25
4……they had worshipped and served the Creator……v25

It is abundantly clear that earliest mankind had seen God’s Creation, knew Him as the Creator, recognized some of God’s attributes, and worshipped Him as the Creator. But they would eventually replace this knowledge of the Most High God with man-made religion.

Rejection of the Creator God:

The Worship of the Creator, at some point in time, gave way to a rejection of the Creator. (later in this document we will consider two times when this happened) The text, Rom 1:21-32, is very clear as to the primary reason behind the transition to man-made religion. Mankind’s first step was to give up their previous understanding of the Creator God and their Worship of Him. And for each step they took away from the Creator God, mankind went further into confused thinking and immoral behavior.
Here are the steps of the decline:
1. Mankind came to a point when they chose not to recognize or honor God as Creator. v21
2. This choice caused mankind’s thinking to become futile, dark, and foolish. v22
3. Mankind then substituted man-made, god-images to worship in place of God the Creator. They were images of man, birds, beasts and creeping things. V 23
4. God honored their choice, but it resulted in unclean lusts and dishonoring of their physical bodies. v24
5. Mankind had exchanged the truth about God for a lie, and worshipped  the creature, rather than the Creator. v25
6. This was just the beginning of mankind’s descent into sexual perversion and moral depravity.
7. God gave them up to vile passions, women with women, men with men. v26-27
8. The decline continued further ……….See Verses 26-32

Mankind’s Two Starts with the Creator God:

Mankind had two distinct “Starts” with the Creator God. They were separated by a period of 1650 years. In each case these “Starts” began with a single human family. A family which had an intimate knowledge of the God of Creation. Sadly, both of these “Starts” ended in a rejection of God.

The first “Start” was immediately after Creation and began with the very first family of Adam and Eve. At the beginning, all was well between mankind and God, but that began to change immediately. Their son Cain killed his brother Abel, and then wandered off on his own.  And 1650 years later, civilization had descended into a rejection of God, moral depravity, and violence. This period came to an end when God wiped out civilization with the Great Flood. There is no biblical record of polytheistic  worship prior to the flood. However, it may have existed considering civilization’s rejection of the Creator God.

The second “Start” happened immediately after the Great Flood, and began with Noah’s family of eight, whom the Creator God had protected through the Flood. Once again, at the start, mankind worshipped the Creator God. But true to form, they soon rejected Him. This time it took only 200 years before mankind in general, had descended into Polytheism. They created their own
gods and began the practice of worshipping man-made images. The transition to Polytheism may have happened at different times in various branches of the human family because of their migration patterns.. But we know from both archeology and the Bible, that it was firmly in place in Mesopotamia when Abraham’s family resided in Ur of Chaldea.

Timeline of the Shift in Mankind’s Earliest Religious Beliefs:

Creation  (Start point)
Worship of the Creator by Adam and Eve
Rejection of the Creator by mankind in general
Atheism and Violence rampant in civilization
The Flood destroys all but eight individuals( 1650 years after Creation)
Worship of the Creator by Noah’s extended family
Rejection of the Creator by mankind in general
Polytheistic religions are practiced
Abraham’s culture in Chaldea was polytheistic (250 years after Flood)


The Patriarchs During Civilization’s Two Rejections of God:

If we use the records of genealogy starting with Adam and Eve in Genesis 1-12, we can discover some interesting facts about the people who lived during the two periods of decline. Following is a more detailed timeline that includes the lifetimes and other information about the Patriarchs. They were the male heads of families who lived during these periods. They were part of the culture that twice moved moved away from the God of Creation.



The Start after Creation:

The first thing to notice about the generations after Creation was the length of their lives indicated by the horizontal line after each patriarch’s name. Genesis gives us the following data about each patriarch: His age when his First son was born, and the years the Patriarch lived After the birth of his First son. From that is calculated his Length of Life. These 3 numbers are shown just above each Patriarchs horizontal line. A small vertical line represents the first son’s birth.
Notice how long Adam lived, 930 years. Now notice the generations of sons and grandsons listed below Adam. Question: How many generations of children had Adam known by the time he died at 930 years after Creation?
2nd Generation Cain, Abel and Seth
3rd Enosh
4th Cainan
5th Mahalaleel
6th Jared
7th Enoch
8th Methusaleh
9th Lamech lived until 872 years after Creation
10th Noah was born 1054 years after Creation
Answer: 8 generations, because Lamech was still alive but Noah had not yet been born when Adam died 930 years after Creation.

The Population Explosion:

Notice the typical age when each Patriarch had his first son. For Adam it was 130 years. The earliest shown is 65 years, the oldest (with the exception of Noah’s which seems out of line with the others) is 187. These numbers do imply that these patriarchs fathered children for a longer period than in our experience. Their long lives, plus a longer period of fathering children, would have created an exponential population explosion.

The Four Patriarch Witnesses:

Probably the most important information for our topic, are the patriarchs which have a DOUBLE, DASHED horizontal line next to their name. These 4 patriarchs have either implied or stated information in the text that identifies them as individuals who believed in the Creator God. Let’s consider each of them.


The senior patriarch and head of the human race had an experience with the Creator God which would have forever convinced Adam as to the One and Only True God. (You can read it in the first 2 chapters of Genesis) Adam would have been the ultimate Witness to the existence and the attributes of the Creator God after his experience in the Garden of Eden. Adam and Eve could not identify any human parents. They were personally linked to the Creator God. Not only that, imagine the impact of Adam’s witness to the early human race when we consider the number of generations of grandchildren he would have been able to tell about the Creator God. For 930 years, his account must have been difficult for anyone to dispute or ignore. Adam was the Primary Witness for the God of Creation.


One of Adam’s grandchildren. Besides his key dates, the record tell us one significant aspect of Enosh’s life. It says in Gen 4:26 that “in Enosh’s days(life) men began to call on the “Name of the Lord.” The exact details of the statement are hidden, but we can conclude one thing: That during Enosh’s lifetime a significant number of the human family believed enough in God that they would begin to call, or reach out to Him. It could mean that prior to this time men believed in God the Creator, but now they began to call out to Him for their daily needs. Or, it could imply that during his generation, the greater majority of men believed and worshipped the Creator God. Either way it points to a general awareness of God the Creator during Enosh’s lifetime.


Enoch was a 7th generation grandson of Adam. His biography is one of the most astounding of the patriarchs. It was a powerful prophetic sign of God’s hope and desire for the human race. In Gen 5:24 it says about Enoch that “Enoch walked with God and was not, because God took him.” What a witness Enoch’s life must have been to his contemporaries and descendents. Not only did he believe in God, he had personal relationship with Him. And the statement “God took him” was a prophetic sign of things to come. Think of Elijah, Jesus Christ, and the promise to all those who would eventually believe in, and follow Christ.


A 10th generation grandson of Adam, Noah and his family of eight were the only survivors of the Flood which wiped out civilization about 1650 years after Creation. Noah had a personal relationship with the Creator God and was obedient to him. In the text, Noah is called “a just man, perfect in his generation, and Noah walked with God” Gen 6:9

The Testimony of the Four Witnesses from Creation to the Flood:

The lifetimes of the four witnesses overlapped during the period from Creation to the Flood. The flood  happened about 1654 years after Creation. As mentioned, Adam’s witness lasted for 930 years after Creation. The witness during Enosh’s life may have lasted until his death 1140 years after Creation. However, Noah was born 1054 years after Creation, so Noah could have known Enosh for about 80 years before Enosh died. And Noah lived until 350 AFTER the Flood! So the torch was passed by faithful witnesses from Creation, up to and through the Flood.

The Condition of Mankind Prior to the Flood:

The world’s population must have been in the hundreds of thousands by the time of the Flood.  Did the testimony of the patriarchs have any impact on the beliefs or civility of mankind prior to the Flood? It was the total absence of belief in the Creator, and the total lack of civility of the world’s population, that brought the Flood upon the earth. Here are some descriptions of behavior at that time:
“the sons of God…...took wives for themselves of all whom they chose” Gen 6:2
“God saw that the wickedness of man was great upon the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually” Gen 6:5
“The earth was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.” Gen 6:11
“All flesh had corrupted their way on the earth.” Gen 6:12
“And (God) spared not the old world…………...bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly” 2Pet 2:5

The Creator God could only find Noah’s family of eight who respected God’s warning and obeyed His instructions. The rest of mankind had no interest whatsoever. It was a sad commentary on the priorities of the human race when they chose to forget the One True God of Creation, the God of their fathers.
In spite of their rejection of God and moral depravity, there is no biblical record that mankind prior to the Flood had practiced Polytheism. It seems highly likely that they would have, in that they had given up on Noah’s testimony and his God. And with a “God vacuum” mankind typically tries to fill it with their own gods. So they may have invented their own gods, but there is no biblical record for it.

Notes Regarding the First Start:

1. The human race has a serious bias to drift away from what they know about the True God. This happens in spite of the faithful witness of a minority. The result is a general corruption and collapse of society.
2. Adam and Eve were intimately aware of the Creator God in that they were eye-witness subjects of His creative work, and He had communicated with them.
3. Evil, and rejection of the Creator God, was evident in the couple’s first children as Cain slew his brother Abel out of jealousy over a worship offering to God.
4. At the beginning, human beings had much longer lifespans than we do today, and longer periods of fertility. This was probably due to the pristine nature of the human DNA, having had no prior negative mutations.
5. Longer lifespans and longer fertility periods resulted in an exponential population explosion. This meant that grandparents would live to see 6 or 7 generations of grandchildren, and their children, and their children, etc.

The Start after the Flood:

The generations which began after the Flood began with Noah, his 3 sons and their wives. One noticeable feature about people after the Flood, is that their lifetimes were considerably shorter than those prior to the Flood. Their lifespans began declining to around 200 years. Secondly, the age at which they fathered the first son was quite consistent, about 30 years. This would have produced a lessor population explosion than at Creation, but still potentially greater than our experience today.
The record of the patriarchs after the Flood has only their names and pertinent ages. There were about 9 generations until we reach the patriarch Abram or Abraham, and his wife Sarah. Because of the 30 year generations, there would only be about 290 years after the flood until Abraham’s birth.

Polytheism 250 years after the Flood:

After the Flood, we have a different record of mankind’s departure from the Creator God. We can safely assume that Noah and his family were convincing witnesses to the Creator based on their experience before and through the Flood. But as we have learned, mankind has strong tendency to turn away from what they know about God. We do have one important record of man’s thinking about God during this period. They conspired to build the Tower of Babel in order to reach God, or be like God. This ended with God’s dispersion of mankind across the globe. We do have the genealogical record from Noah’s sons, Ham, Shem, and Japeth. Sadly, the primary thing we learn about this period is that by the time of Abraham, civilization had become immersed in Polytheism and Image Worship.

Polytheism in Mesopotamia:

It was about 200 years after the Flood that Nahor was born. Nahor was the father of Terah, and Terah was the father of Abram. When Abram received a call from God, he and his father and grandfather were living in Ur of Chaldea in Mesopotamia. Joshua 24:2 describes the indigenous religion of that area as Polytheism (other gods). This has been confirmed by archeology which shows that these people were worshippers of the Moon, and also had a pantheon of gods in the image of man. They worshipped mages of these gods who were supposed to control all of their basic necessities and fortunes. There were gods and goddesses for rain, crops, fertility, etc. One fascinating fact about this departure from God, is that Noah, “the preacher of righteousness,” was still alive when it happened. Not only that, Noah’s life
until 350 years after the Flood, overlapped with Abraham’s who was born 292 years after the Flood.

Notes about the Second Start:

1. The second “Start” had different players but the same outcome. It ended with a rejection of the knowledge of the True God of Creation.
2. Mankind had two fresh starts worshipping the God of Creation. They chose to walk away from Him both times.
3. This time the rejection of God resulted in Polytheism and man made Image Worship.
4. Noah and his 3 sons were the faithful witnesses for the True God AFTER the Flood, as they had been BEFORE the Flood, Their witness did not have a major effect this time either. Apparently, the remembrance of the Creator God’s intervention with the Flood, meant nothing to mankind.  Most of them probably decided it had never happened. Or that it was small local flood.
5, Noah’s lifetime overlapped with Abraham’s lifetime.

Conclusions for Mankind’s Earliest Religious Beliefs:

1. At two separate times, mankind’s earliest religious beliefs centered on the God of Creation. The Most High God had revealed Himself through Creation and the Flood, and was acknowledged by the human family that was closest to those events. However, over the course of time, mankind gradually decided to replace the One True God with many anthropomorphic gods and goddesses of their own imagination. And they represented these gods with statues and images of their invention.

2. In subsequent human history, this same type of shift, away from God, has been repeated many times. What happened after the Most High God revealed Himself by a miraculous deliverance of Israel from the clutches of Pharaoh, and permanently placed them in the land of Canaan? How many generations passed before the Israelites started chasing after the polytheistic gods of their neighbors? It got so bad that God banished 10 tribes of Israel to wander the world, and two tribes to Babylon for 70 years of captivity.

3. Think of God’s most important intervention in human history, the sending of Christ Jesus to be the Savior of the world. Mankind had the opportunity to see and worship the Righteousness of God Himself with their own eyes. There were a few who embraced Him, but mankind in general either rejected or dismissed Him. They put Him to death after 33 years.

4. In modern history the same “falling away from God” has happened repeatedly. Think of the last 200 years of history in America. In the early 1800’s and soon after, religious revival was sweeping the country. Many Bible preachers covered America with Bible based preaching about the One True God and Salvation through Jesus Christ. This revelation was embraced by so many as to have a noticeable, positive affect on society, here and abroad. Thousands were repenting and turning to Christ. New church gatherings began all over the land. New orphanages, hospitals, universities were created in the Name of the Lord. Many missionary outreaches were initiated to foreign lands.
Compare that time with the moral condition in America today. Some of the same church denominations that embraced the Bible based faith in 1800, are now denying the beliefs on which they were founded. The biblical principles which provided the foundation for past generations, are now forbidden to be taught in the public schools. And the result is the same as it was 6000 years ago. The majority of Americans have turned to their Idols. The decline in morality from 1800 until today has been shocking, and violence has become a way of life.

5. Throughout history, the human race has displayed a serious flaw in their most basic motivation. Whenever they are confronted with the truth about the True God of Creation, they consistently choose to reject Him and replace Him with their own gods. The One True God always begins His revelations with short, but explosive impact on mankind, but the impact soon fades into a long, gradual decline into unbelief. Thankfully, the One True God has never given up on mankind’s rejection of Himself. Throughout history He has continued to display His Power and Love by periodic, supernatural revelations of His existence and character. However, He has warned mankind that His revelations will not continue forever. There will be a limit to His patience. Jesus described it like this:

“But as the days of Noah were, so also will be the Coming of the Son of Man.
For as in the days before the Flood, they were eating, drinking marrying and giving in marriage until the day Noah entered the ark, and(they) did not know until the Flood came and took them all away.
So also will be the Coming of the Son of Man…………………………………
Therefore be ready, for the Son of Man is Coming at an hour you do not expect.”
Matt 24: 37-44

For free access to a Bible:

For additional discussion of this topic see:

The Most High God and the False Gods of Antiquity

To learn more about the Bible see:

Messiah in the Torah and Tanakh (Old Testament)

Mankind’s Earliest Religious Beliefs
Mankind’s Earliest Religious Beliefs

When Orthodox Jews became the First Christians




You may know that Christians had their beginnings at a Jewish feast of Pentecost in Jerusalem about 33 AD.  But did you know that from 33 AD until about 50 AD, this new group of Messiah followers was primarily Jewish Orthodox? These Jews had come to believe that Yeshua, Jesus Christ of Nazareth, was the Jewish Messiah of Israel. This agreed with hundreds of prophetic statements found in their Torah and Tanakh (Old Testament). But this belief did not change their identity as Jewish Orthodox. They considered the arrival of Messiah to be the natural completion and fulfillment of their Jewish Orthodox faith. In this blog we will explore this phenomenal beginning when Orthodox Jews became the first Christians.


In the beginning of the 3 year ministry of Jesus Christ of Nazareth, He named 12 Apostles who were to be His team. One of them, Judas, was lost because of betrayal, but was replaced by Matthias. These men were all Orthodox Jews, as was Jesus Himself. These men were close companions of Jesus Christ for 3 years, and eye-witnesses of His teaching and miracles.

The Apostles were there when He was arrested by some of the Jewish religious leaders and turned over to the Roman Governor to be crucified. When the first reports came in that He was alive, they were present. They soon saw Him in person, along with 500 other individuals. For 40 days after his resurrection they lived with, ate with, and enjoyed the presence of their resurrected Savior. At the end of the 40 days, they thought that He might re-establish the long awaited kingdom to Israel. Instead, He instructed them to stay in Jerusalem until the Feast of Pentecost. He said that they would receive special Power and be made His witnesses throughout the earth.


Sure enough, when Pentecost arrived, the 12 apostles and other observant Jews totaling 120, were praying in an upper room in Jerusalem. Without warning they were suddenly engulfed by the visible and rushing wind of G_D1 the Spirit descending on each of them. They began speaking in other languages. This was the promised energizing and empowering Spirit of G-D.1
It changed them from sometimes cowardly followers, into fierce advocates of the Savior who they knew had conquered death. These Orthodox Jews didn’t realize it then, but they had become the first members of a special group later called “the Body of Christ.” This group would consist of all who would confess that “Jesus Christ is Messiah and Lord.”

The Apostles’ new confidence brought them to the streets of Jerusalem where thousands of visitors from distant nations had gathered for the Feast Day. They were mostly Orthodox Jews, but also a few Gentile proselytes. When the Apostle Peter and others began to proclaim to the crowds about the resurrected Christ, a miraculous phenomenon occurred. Peter and the other Apostles were speaking in their native Judean language. However, the crowds of people were hearing them speak in the listeners’ native languages. And there were dozens of different languages represented! It must have been bedlam!


Some listeners concluded the speakers were drunk! Peter assured them this was not the case. He went on to proclaim that Jesus Christ was the promised Jewish Messiah. That G_D had vindicated Christ by raising Him from the Dead. He explained that everyone, in every nation, needed to confess Jesus Christ as Lord, be baptized, and be cleansed of their sin. And that very day 3000 more individuals made that choice. They joined the Apostles as members of the special group that would be called by the Greek word, ekklesia, or, “called out ones.”


In the days and weeks following Pentecost, the Good News of Christ was carried “back home” by those who had heard it at Jerusalem. And in some cases “home” was a thousand miles away, in every direction. The Apostles themselves took to the highways and began spreading the “Good News” that Jesus Christ was Lord and Coming King. There are unofficial reports that certain Apostles made it as far as India, and China. Wherever and whenever a person heard and accepted the news that Christ had Risen and was Lord, that person experienced the same indwelling of G-D’s Spirit.


Immediately after the events of Pentecost, a new association of people appeared in Jerusalem. By outsiders, this new group of believers was considered an offshoot of the Pharisees. The Pharisees were Orthodox Jews who believed in a resurrection. And these new believers not only believed in Yeshua’s’ resurrection, they were expecting Him to return and establish His Kingdom any day now. They had a noticeable love and care for each other which made them seem like one large family. Some even sold properties and brought the proceeds to the Apostles for their work. The Apostles and disciples continued to proclaim the Good News in Judea and Samaria and a number of miraculous signs and healings accompanied their efforts.

The new believers and the Apostles continued to frequent the Temple, but they spent much time meeting together in public places or in their homes.2 When they met together, their main activities were studying what the Apostles had taught them about Yeshua, praying, and the Breaking of Bread.2 The latter was something Yeshua had shared with the Apostles on the night he was betrayed.

The term “Christian” would not be created or applied to this group of believers until approximately 15 years later.  As we look back, we can say that Pentecost began a 15 year period when Orthodox Jews were the first members and leaders of a group that would later be named “Christian.”

This new group of Christian believers was never called by the name “church.” There was no word “church” in the Greek or Hebrew language. The Greek word used to describe the Christian believers was “ekklesia,” a secular term used to describe any group of individuals selected or “called out” to a specific cause or task. Applied to the Christians, it meant they had been “called out” to the cause of  Christ.


The Apostles themselves were convinced that Pentecost was a Jewish event. They were dumbfounded when reports came in that a few Gentiles were also responding to the Good News.  Interpreting Pentecost as a Jewish event made sense because it was the Orthodox Jews who owned, and revered, the Torah and Tanakh. The latter described the events of the Messiah’s Coming, His Death, and Resurrection. In addition, Christ had come from the Jewish lineage of King David, and represented the G_D of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

This Jewish composition and leadership of the “ekklesia” would continue for at least 15 years. The recognized leaders of the group continued to be the 12 Apostles in Jerusalem. The New Testament would not be written until about 55 AD. Until then, it was the word of the Apostles that was the authoritative truth for the new believers.  In the meantime, the Good News spread farther and farther from Jerusalem. And the numbers of Gentiles who responded continued to grow.


It was about 50 AD when the Jewish believers in Antioch decided that some decisions would have to be made regarding the many Gentiles who had responded to the Good News. The issue came to head largely as a result of the conversion of Saul, the ultimate Orthodox Jew. After Pentecost, he was assigned by the Jewish religious hierarchy to find and hunt down these new believers in Yeshua and to commit them to prison. Miraculously, on one of his ”witch hunts” he was accosted by the Risen Christ in such a way that he too, “bowed his knee” to the Savior.

Paul then became one of the strongest advocates in proclaiming the Good News. From his conversion soon after Pentecost, until about 50 AD, Saul, now Paul, spent most of his time preaching around his hometown of Tarsus. For about 15 years Paul was far removed from the Apostles in Jerusalem. His primary mission, given to him by Christ, was to go to the Gentiles. In addition, he was given special revelation about the nature of this new message of the Good News.


One place where Paul did meet with believers was at the town of Antioch in Syria. Antioch was about halfway between his hometown of Tarsus and Jerusalem. It was here in Antioch, about 50 AD, that questions were raised: “What should we advise all these Gentiles who have now embraced Christ?” “If they are now Jews, should they be circumcised?” It was Paul’s strong conviction that the answer was NO, based on what had been revealed to him. This resulted in strong disagreements at Antioch between supporters of Paul, and those Jewish believers (called Judaizers) who said Yes.


To resolve this issue the Antioch believers decided to ask for the opinion of the Orthodox Jewish Apostles in Jerusalem. They were considered the total authority on all matters concerning Jesus of Nazareth. Paul and Barnabas were among those who went from Antioch about 50 AD to meet with the Apostles in Jerusalem. In the meeting, the Apostle Peter recounted the first occurrence of Gentiles turning to Christ. Paul then described how that many Gentiles were responding to the Good News and were receiving the evidence of the indwelling Spirit of G_D. The Apostle James referred to the Tanakh’s mention of Gentile conversion.

Then the Apostle James issued his conclusion that: NO, the Gentile believers should not be required to have circumcision or to keep all the Law. Instead, the Apostles recommended that Gentile believers should simply avoid idols, fornication, strangulated meat and blood. This decision by the Jerusalem Apostles about 50 AD began the separation of the Christ followers from Orthodox Judaism.


It would still be many years before the separation was complete in the regions far from Jerusalem. Paul and Barnabas had begun their extensive missionary journeys in Turkey just before the Jerusalem Council.  Their practice when entering any town was to first visit the synagogue and ask for a hearing. Many Jews and Gentiles accepted what they had to say. However, Paul was often driven from town by a larger group of Orthodox Jews who did not accept the Message of Christ. Over time the separation became complete. And it was at Antioch that the Jewish and Gentile believers in Christ were first called “Christ’s Ones,” “Christians.” And in the Apostle Paul’s letters about 60 AD, he clarified for all time that a new entity was now in existence. It was called the “Body of Christ,” or, “Christian believers”, consisting of both Jews and Gentiles.


For many years after Pentecost 33 AD, the apostolic leadership and the majority of the Christ followers were Orthodox Jews. As noted, these Apostles had no idea of what the Lord was planning when He had asked them to remain at Jerusalem until Pentecost. They had no plan of their own for the future. No organizational model. They were simply ordinary men who were energized and directed in their decisions by the indwelling Spirit of the living G-D. Because they had no preplanned agenda, G-D was able to create this new and eternal group of Christ followers.

G-D has added to this new group of Christians in every century since Pentecost. The total number of the those who have confessed Christ as Messiah and Lord, from every nation on earth, must number in the Billions. And every one of them is known personally by Yeshua. As He once said. “I know my sheep, and I am known by them.”3


And every one of these believers, from Pentecost until now, has been, or is waiting for the promised conclusion, when the resurrected Messiah and Lord will return to establish His Kingdom. “Thy Kingdom Come, Thy Will be done, on Earth as it is in Heaven.”And when that Kingdom appears, there will be 12 Messianic Orthodox Jews in a place of high honor. There names will be inscribed on the 12 foundations of the City of God. They are known as the 12 Apostles of the Lamb. 5

1. I have used G_D in this article in deference to any orthodox Jews who do not write out the name of the Creator.
2. Acts 2
3. John 10:14
4. Matthew 6:10
5. Rev 21:14

For additional reading on this topic see:
The Most High God and the Jewish View

A free Online Bible is available for your use at:

When Orthodox Jews became the First Christians

When Orthodox Jews became the First Christians

The Most High God of the Bible


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The Most High God of the Bible created the heavens, the earth, and all life. This God made Himself known to the human race by communicating to many Hebrew prophets through direct encounters, through visions, through prayer and through supernatural events. These prophets in turn, spoke God’s message to their respective audiences, and some prophets were authors of the books in the Bible. This same God who spoke through the prophets of the Old Testament (Hebrew Tanakh ), spoke through Jesus the Christ and his apostles in the New Testament.

One of the earliest names used to describe this Creator-God was “The Most High God.” It was used by both Abraham and Melchizedek circa 2000 BCE. Both of them were surrounded at that time by the polytheistic regional gods and goddesses of the Mesopotamian and Chaldean people groups, and the term, The Most High God, was a contrasting witness to the One, True, Creator-God who had revealed Himself to each of them.

Later, during the time of Moses, this same God revealed and identified Himself with the names: “I Am the I Am,” “YHWH,” “The God of Abraham-Isaac-and Jacob,” And to later prophets, God used many names that describe His essence: “I am the Beginning and the End,” I am the Rock,” “I am the Lord, there is no other”,” “I am the Maker of All things,” “The Holy One of Israel.” “I am the Lord your God.”

What follows in this blog are six summary statements which describe the One True God, the Creator of Heaven and Earth, the Most High God of Abraham. Beneath each statement are the supporting verses taken from the Bible. The reference for each verse is included so you can look up each verse in the Bible. You can find the Bible online (with search function) at:

A.   There is only One True God, and God is One:

Deut 6:4  Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.

Isaiah:42:8 I am the Lord, that is My name; And My glory I will not give to another, Nor My praise to carved images.

Isaiah:43:10 Before Me there was no God formed, Nor shall there be after Me.  I, even I, am the Lord, And besides Me there is no savior.

Isaiah:44:6 I am the First and I am the Last; Besides Me there is no God.

Isaiah:44:8 Is there a God besides Me? Indeed there is no other Rock; I know not one.

Isaiah 45:6 I am the First and I am the Last; Besides Me there is no God.

Jer 10:10 But the Lord is the true God; He is the living God and the everlasting King

I Cor 8:4 We know that an idol is nothing in the world, and that there is no other God but one.

Gal 4:8 However at that time, when you did not know God, you were slaves to those which by nature, are no gods.

I Tim 2:5 For there is one God and one Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus.

James 2:19 You believe that there is one God. You do well. Even the demons believe—and tremble!

B. The Most High God is the Creator/Owner of heaven and earth:

Gen 14:18 Blessed be Abram of God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth;

Gen 14:22 I have raised my hand to the Lord, God Most High, the Possessor of heaven and earth.

Isaiah:45:12 Thus says the Lord, The Holy One of Israel, and his Maker: ….I have made the earth, and created man on it. I—My hands—stretched out the heavens, and all their host I have commanded.

Isaiah:45:18 For thus says the Lord, Who created the heavens, Who is God, Who formed the earth and made it, Who has established it, Who did not create it in vain, Who formed it to be inhabited: I am the Lord, and there is no other.

Isaiah:48:12 I am He, I am the First, I am also the Last. Indeed My hand has laid the foundation of the earth, And My right hand has stretched out the heavens; When I call to them, They stand up together.

Rev 4:11 You are worthy, O Lord, To receive glory and honor and power; For You created all things, And by Your will they exist and were created.

C. The One True God has made himself known as God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit.

Gen:1:1 In the beginning God (Plural-Elohim) created the heavens and earth.

Gen:1:2 The Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

Gen:1:26 Let us make man in our image. Also, 3:22; 11:7

Psalm 2 You are my Son,…… Kiss the Son.

Psalm 110:1 The LORD said unto my Lord, sit Thou at My right hand, until………

Prov. 30:4 Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is His name, and what is His Son’s name, If you know?

Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a Child is born, Unto us a Son is given; And the government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, The Everlasting Father, and Prince of Peace.

Isaiah 40:13-14   Who hath directed the Spirit of the LORD (Jehovah), or being
His counsellor, taught Him?  With whom took He council………?

Isaiah 48:16 Come near to Me, hear this: I have not spoken in secret from the beginning; From the time that it was, I was there. And now the Lord God and His Spirit have sent Me.

John 10:30 I and the Father are One.

John:10:33 For a good work we do not stone You, but for blasphemy, and because You, being a Man, make Yourself God.

John:15:26 But when the Helper comes, whom I shall send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He will testify of Me.

John 16        See John 16 for many more references.

D. God the Son was begotten (came forth) from the Father in eternity past. He was not created.    (Angels are created beings, and of course we humans are also)

Psalm 2 I will declare the decree: The Lord has said to Me, ‘You are My Son, today I have begotten You.’

Prov 8 The Lord possessed me at the beginning of His way, Before His works of old.

Micah 5:2 But you, Bethlehem Ephratah, Though you are little among the thousands of Judah, Yet out of you shall come forth to Me The One to be Ruler in Israel, Whose goings forth are from of old, from everlasting.

John:1:18 No one has seen God at any time. The only begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, He has declared Him.

John:3:16 For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.

John :17:5 And now, O Father, glorify Me together with Yourself, with the glory which I had with You before the world was.

Heb 1:5 For to which of the angels did He ever say: “You are My Son, TodayI have begotten You”?

I John 4:9 In this the love of God was manifested toward us, that God has sent His only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through Him.

E. God the Son (the Word, the Logos) was instrumental in creation of the universe.

Proverbs 8:30 When He marked out the foundations of the earth, Then I was beside Him as a master craftsman; And I was daily His delight,

John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made.

Heb 1:2 spoken to us by His Son, whom He has appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds;

Col 1 For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and on earth,

Gen2:2-3/Ex20:11/Luke 6:1-11, The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath

F. God the Son took on a human body and was both fully God and fully Man.

Gen 3:15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your seed and her Seed; He shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise His heel.

Isaiah 9:6 For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given; And the government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, the Everlasting Father, the Prince of Peace.

Micah 5:2 Bethlehem....out of you will come He whose goings forth have been from everlasting to everlasting.

Malachi 3:1 the LORD will come suddenly to His temple.

Colossians 2:9 …..Christ. For in Him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily;

Philippians 2 Christ Jesus, who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God, but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bond-servant, and coming in the likeness of men.

Are you Seeking the Most High God?  See:  Who is the Most High God?

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For additional reading see: The Most High God and the false gods of Antiquity

The Most High God and the Jewish View

The Most High God and the Jewish View

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         The Most High God and the Jewish View:

There are passages in the Torah where G-D communicates with certain individuals while He appears on earth as man, or as an Angel of the Lord. In these instances we know that it is G-D communicating because One: the text says it is, or Two: the communication displays the attributes of G-D such as Omnipotence or Omnipresence.

This is problematic for modern Jewish theology which defines G-D as Incorporeal(without a body), and without any physical form.

        The Modern Rabbinical View:

The modern rabbinical view of G-D has been expressed in the following manner:

“The very idea that G-d would take on human form is repulsive to Jews because it contradicts our concept of G-d as being above and beyond the limitations of the human body and situation.”              Rabbi ______

In order to support this view, Jewish rabbis treat biblical passages of G-D appearing in human form as “figures of speech,” or state that “G-D has no body”.

The following is taken from the online, Jewish Virtual Library:

G-d is Incorporeal
Although many places in scripture and Talmud speak of various parts of G-d’s body (the Hand of G-d, G-d’s wings, etc.) or speak of G-d in anthropomorphic terms (G-d walking in the garden of Eden, G-d laying tefillin, etc.), Judaism firmly maintains that G-d has no body. Any reference to G-d’s body is simply a figure of speech, a means of making G-d’s actions more comprehensible to beings living in a material world. Much of Maimonides’ Guide for the Perplexed is devoted to explaining each of these anthropomorphic references and proving that they should be understood figuratively.
We are forbidden to represent G-d in a physical form. That is considered idolatry. The sin of the Golden Calf incident was not that the people chose another deity, but that they tried to represent G-d in a physical form.” 

                 A Response:

Granted, human representation of G-D in any form is idolatry. However, if G-D CHOOSES to represent Himself in another form it is not idolatry.  In fact, in the beginning,
G-D made Man “in His own Image!” Also in Torah, G-D CHOSE to meet and eat with Abraham and Sarah. He CHOSE to represent Himself as a Pillar of Fire and a Cloud when leading Israel from Egypt. He CHOSE to appear as a Burning Bush in order to get Moses’ attention. Were these appearances idolatrous?

Dismissing G-D’s ability to appear in human form, or any form, contradicts two other Jewish definitions of G-D, His Omnipotence and Omnipresence. (See Jewish Virtual Library online) If God is All-Powerful, He can appear in any form He chooses. And if He is Everywhere, He can appear in any form, anywhere, even on earth.

Did Moses consider those passages describing G-D in human form to be “forbidden,” when he originally set down the words? Wouldn’t Moses have eliminated those passages from Torah if he considered those passages idolatrous? For example, the following passage speaks of G-D on Earth and G-D in Heaven.

“Gen 18:22 Then the men turned away from there and went toward Sodom, but Abraham still stood before the LORD. 23 And Abraham came near and said, “Would You also destroy the righteous with the wicked?’
Genisis 19:24 Then the LORD rained brimstone and fire on Sodom and Gomorrah, from the LORD out of the heavens.”

Moses must have recognized that he was writing about an Omnipresent
G-D who could
be “in heaven” and “conversing on earth” simultaneously.

             The Early Jewish Seekers:

During last few centuries BCE. and the first few centuries CE, there were some Jewish scholars with a unique view of G-D.  They recognized that the written Torah described a G-D who occasionally choose to appear and/or act in our time-space world. They recognized the problem of a G-D defined exclusively as unseen and incorporeal, while in Torah this G-D appears occasionally on earth in human or material form, and communicates with humans.

The thinking of  these Jewish sages can be found in some of the Targums. These were Jewish translations of the Torah with added commentary.  The Targums were written down in the first centuries of the C.E.  Some of the Targum commentary described G-D as a Duality; both an unseen, incorporeal G-D beyond time and space, AND, an extension of G-D who occasionally functioned on earth. They went so far as to propose names for the part of G-D who operated on earth. Names such as Memra, or, the Wisdom, or the Word of the Lord.  1

To the credit of those early Targum translators/commentators, they saw that the written Torah described a G-D who was both unseen and without form. But this G-D  was also able to take on the appearance of a person or a physical object in order to communicate with mankind.

              The Living Word of G-D

Everything changed after Yeshua Christos (Jesus Christ} presented Himself to the world about 30 CE. He claimed to be the embodiment of the Most High God on earth. And one of His Jewish apostles, John, reflected the Targum’s Duality view of G-D when he wrote this concerning Christ:

In the Beginning was the Word and the Word was with God and the Word was God………and the Word became flesh and dwelt among us.” John 1:1,14

The rejection of Yeshua by the Jewish religious authorities is well documented in the Gospels. It resulted in his crucifixion by Jewish and Gentile authorities. When Yeshua was announced as having risen from the grave, a new confrontation emerged between Jewish believers in Yeshua, and the Jewish and Gentile authorities who did not.

               The New Rabbinical Judasim

After the destruction of the Jewish Temple in 70 AD by the Romans, Jewish religious practices were radically changed. The former sacrificial temple practices were replaced by a new rabbinical Judaism. The new rabbinical Judaism rejected the messianic Judasim of the early, Orthodox Jewish Christian community, which was flourishing in the first century CE. The divide between rabbinical Judaism and the Christian community became more pronounced in subsequent years. The Duality concept of G-D from the Jewish Targums, sounded too much like the Trinity concept of the Christians, and eventually was  not acceptable in rabbinical Judaism.


If G- is truly G-D, All Powerful, All Knowing, Everywhere Present, He can choose to appear in any form He desires. He is not limited by our finite mental capacity. To G-D, “1 equals 2” is not a problem, nor “1 equals 10.”

The concept of G-D revealing Himself in human or material form on earth, was acceptable in the ancient Jewish communities in Palestine at the same time that Yeshua Christos lived and died.

The challenge for the Torah observant Jewish person is to read Torah as it was written by Moses and let Torah speak for itself. Seek the G-D who is described in Torah, not the G-D described by finite man.

1.  Boyarin, Daniel. 2001. “The Gospel of the Memra: Jewish Binitarianism and       the Prologue to John.” The Harvard Theological Review

 The Most High God and the Jewish View

What are the Chances?

For more information see: The Servant of the Most High God

The Most High God and the Jewish View

The Servant of the Most High God

The Servant of the Most High God

The Servant of the Most High God described by Isaiah in 700 BCE.

Isaiah 53 in the Complete Jewish Bible:

 1  Who believes our report?
To whom is the arm of Adonai revealed?
2 For before him he grew up like a young plant,
like a root out of dry ground.
He was not well-formed or especially handsome;
we saw him, but his appearance did not attract us.
3 People despised and avoided him,
a man of pains, well acquainted with illness.
Like someone from whom people turn their faces,
he was despised; we did not value him.

4 In fact, it was our diseases he bore,
our pains from which he suffered;
yet we regarded him as punished,
stricken and afflicted by God.
5 But he was wounded because of our crimes,
crushed because of our sins;
the disciplining that makes us whole fell on him,
and by his bruises* we are healed.

6 We all, like sheep, went astray;
we turned, each one, to his own way;
yet Adonai laid on him
the guilt of all of us.

7 Though mistreated, he was submissive —
he did not open his mouth.
Like a lamb led to be slaughtered,
like a sheep silent before its shearers,
he did not open his mouth.
8 After forcible arrest and sentencing,
he was taken away;
and none of his generation protested
his being cut off from the land of the living
for the crimes of my people,
who deserved the punishment themselves.

9 He was given a grave among the wicked;
in his death he was with a rich man.
Although he had done no violence
and had said nothing deceptive,
10 yet it pleased Adonai to crush him with illness,
to see if he would present himself as a guilt offering.
If he does, he will see his offspring;
and he will prolong his days;
and at his hand Adonai’s desire
will be accomplished.

11 After this ordeal, he will see satisfaction.
“By his knowing [pain and sacrifice],
my righteous servant makes many righteous;
it is for their sins that he suffers.
12 Therefore I will assign him a share with the great,
he will divide the spoil with the mighty,
for having exposed himself to death
and being counted among the sinners,
while actually bearing the sin of many
and interceding for the offenders.”

See this passage in other versions at;`

For information contact:

The Servant of the Most High God, 2020

The Most High God and the False Gods of Antiquity

The Most High God and the False Gods of Antiquity

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Ever wonder why the human race has had so many gods and godesses?  By definition there can only be one “supreme being.”  So how, and when did all these other gods and godesses come about? The following is a discussion of the Most High God and the false gods of antiquity.

The Bible is very clear about the Most High God and the false gods of antiquity. It states that at one time in the distant past, mankind worshiped the only True, and the Most High God,  Creator of the Universe. But as the years went by, mankind chose to forget the Most High God, and invented and worshiped new gods which they imagined and created. And soon there came to be thousands of gods and godesses for every perceived human need, spanning the centuries and cultures. The Most High God permitted mankind to follow its own desires and imaginations, and the result was a mixture of false religion and moral depravity (think temple prostitution as a current example). The consequence of this rejection of the Most High God, was that mankind and individuals, “professing themselves to be wise, became fools,” (Romans 1), and false gods were worshiped in every culture.

Into this widespread polytheism, the Most High God revealed Himself to at least two individuals. One was Melchizedek, King of Salem, and the other was Abraham, whose family had worshiped polytheistic deities in Ur of the Chaldees (ancient Babylon).

About 2000 BC: 

           “Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine.
              He was priest of God Most High,  and he blessed Abram,

                      ““Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Creator of heaven
                           and earth.  And praise be to God Most High, who
                           delivered your enemies into your hand.””

               Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.”    Genesis 14

And beginning with Abraham, the Most High God began to reveal His plan for all mankind, a plan that would extend divine favor to the whole world.
(See The Most High God of the Bible)

A Comparison of the Most High God and the gods of Antiquity:

1.   A god represented by a man-made figure, in human or animal form, is a false god. The Most High God of the Bible is Spirit and is not visible, and therefore cannot be represented by any man-made statue or figure.

 Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshipers
will worship the Father in the Spirit and in truth, for they are the kind of worshipers the Father seeks. 24 God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in the Spirit and in truth.”  John 4:23

2.  A god who is also considered a distant ancestor of humans is a false god. The Most High God of the Bible is Infinite, outside of Time and Space. We humans are part of God’s creation, finite individuals.

“Woe to those who quarrel with their Maker,
    those who are nothing but potsherds
    among the potsherds on the ground.
Does the clay say to the potter,
    ‘What are you making?’ ” Isaiah 45:9

3,  A god who is the deification of the Sun, Moon or Earth is a false God because finite human beings were responsible for the deifying, the making of an object into a god. The Most High God of the Bible is self-existing, the Beginning and the End.

“This is what the Lord says—
Israel’s King and Redeemer, the Lord Almighty:
I am the first and I am the last;
apart from me there is no God.”   Isaiah 44:6

4,  A god who does not predict future human events and cause them to happen is a false god. The Most High God of the Bible predicts certain future events that are part of his plan for humanity, and the predicted events happen.

“I am the Lord; that is my name!
I will not yield my glory to another
or my praise to idols.
See, the former things have taken place,
and new things I declare;
before they spring into being
I announce them to you.” Isaiah 42:8

5,  A god who does not personally claim to be the sole creator and sustainer of all that exists, is a false god. The Most High God of the Bible claims to be the sole creator of heaven and earth, the universe.

“This is what God the Lord says—
the Creator of the heavens, who stretches them out,
who spreads out the earth with all that springs from it,
who gives breath to its people,
and life to those who walk on it”  Isaiah 42:5

6,  A god who is associated with the Sun, the Moon, planets, etc., is a false god created by finite humans who were in awe of the Earth and objects in the heavens. The Most High God of the Bible claims responsibility for creating the whole universe.

“Is there a God beside me? yea, there is no God; I know not any. They that make a graven image are all of them vanity; and their delectable things shall not profit; and they are their own witnesses; they see not, nor know that they may be ashamed.”  Isaiah 44:8-9

7,  A god who exists or existed only within a certain culture, or only for a period of human history, is a false god. The Most High God of the Bible exists from eternity past to eternity future, and transcends all cultures of the world.

“Listen to me, Jacob,
    Israel, whom I have called:
I am he;
    I am the first and I am the last.
13 My own hand laid the foundations of the earth,
    and my right hand spread out the heavens;
when I summon them,
    they all stand up together.”  Isaiah 48:12

8,  A god who has never initiated contact with the human family through a human spokesperson is a false god. The Most High God took the initiative in revealing Himself to Abraham, Moses, and the Jewish prophets. False gods are silent, and humans must invent activities in hopes of communicating with them.  Religious activities such as rituals, offerings to appease and self mutilation are associated with false gods.

“God, who at sundry times and in diverse manners,
spoke in times past unto the fathers by the prophets,
has in these last days spoken to us by the Son.”  Hebrews 1:1

9,  A god who exists along with other gods as a family or a consortium of gods, is a false god. By definition there can only be a single Supreme Being and the Most High God of the Bible claims to be that One.

“This is what the Lord says—
Israel’s King and Redeemer, the Lord Almighty:
I am the first and I am the last;
apart from me there is no God.”  Isaiah 43:6

“For there is One God and One Mediator between God and men, the Man Christ Jesus,”
1 Timothy 2:5

Are you seeking for the Most High God? See: Who is the Most High God?

Suggestion:  A searchable bible can be found at  Look up the references given above for confirmation.

The Most High God

 The Most High God                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

Is there a Most High God who is above all other gods?  The Most High God would have to be infinite in each of His characteristics so as to exclude all other gods. This blog presents the most high God described in the Bible, the God who claims to be infinite in His Existence, His Power, His Wisdom and in every capacity known by human beings.




Is there an entity (a God) outside of everything that exists, that/who is responsible for everything that exists? The debate has gone on for centuries. Some say there is no scientific evidence of God’s existence. They say that those who believe in God are  using “faith”  which equates to wishful thinking. However, polls indicate that the number of those who do believe in a God is about 80 percent of the populace. Why would such a high percentage of ordinary people of average intelligence continue to believe in God when there is no proof? Could it be that the general populace is more scientific than they are given credit for?  Is there more evidence for the existence of God than is generally portrayed? Let’s consider some scientific evidences that point toward the existence of a God.


One of the most compelling arguments for the existence of God comes from the scientific community itself. The scientific community has accepted the Big Bang theory concerning the origin of the universe. They have concluded that our universe has boundaries, both in time and in space. This means that the universe had a starting point, before which it did not exist. Secondly, it means that the universe has a spatial size boundary, currently estimated at 30+ billion light years. This conclusion does away with other previous origin theories such as “the universe is eternal, having always existed and always will,” or, “the universe is evolving like everything else.” The fact that the universe has boundaries in time and space means that it is a physical entity. And physical entities have certain properties about which even we average folks have proven knowledge.


What is it that we all know about physical entities? Each of us goes through life conducting little scientific experiments. We formulate hypotheses and test them from childhood in innumerable ways. One of the hypotheses that we test early on has to do with the existence of physical objects. As a toddler we test the hypothesis that we can occupy the same space as that table leg, and find out that no, we can’t.


Another hypothesis has to do with the origin of physical objects. Someone may tell us that if we wish for a particular toy hard enough, that we’ll get it. But we soon find out that is not the case. Toys and other physical objects don’t instantaneously materialize out of thin air. You might find one, or buy one, or have someone give you one, but they never instantaneously create themselves. None of us has ever had the experience of seeing a physical object create itself while we watched. All of the physical objects which we encounter in a lifetime, from toys, to tools, to cars, houses, to medicines, have each been designed and created by someone or something. This hypothesis has been proven to us without a doubt. These physical objects do not just instantly “self-create” out of thin air.


We learn another principle that every physical object is designed and created by an entity that has greater intellectual and physical capability than the object itself.  A person can design and create a robot. A robot can design and create a widget.  But the widget will never design and create a robot, nor will the robot ever design and create a person. This is similar to one of the basic axioms of physics that states that one always gets less useful energy out of a system than you put in. For millennia, man has dreamt of the perpetual motion machine, a machine that produces more energy than is put into it. That machine will never exist. In a similar fashion, the greater always creates the lesser. The lesser will never create the greater. There’s no getting around this principle.

Here then are two scientific principles regarding Physical Entities which every human being has concluded as a result of applying the “scientific method” in their daily existence from birth through adulthood:


Every physical object we encounter does not “self-create.” Each object comes into existence as a result of a prior cause, or action. No one has ever encountered an object instantly materializing out of thin air.


The prior cause or action is always greater in magnitude (degree) than the “effect” or the result. A human can design a robot but the robot can never design a human. By the same token the robot may produce a widget but the widget can never produce a robot.

When we bring together the conclusions of the scientific community regarding the origin and the nature of the universe, and combine that with our own experiential conclusions regarding the nature of physical entities, we conclude the following:

1. The universe is a physical object in TIME and SPACE, therefore it did not self-create.

2. The magnitude of ENERGY (POWER) required to bring the universe into existence must have been

3. This infinite magnitude of ENERGY (POWER) that MUST exist outside of the universe easily describes the characteristics of “GOD.”



A super-powerful something exists outside of our universe.


The existence of a super entity outside of the universe leads to the next question. What is its identity?  Someone will say: “I believe that there has to be ‘something’ out there but this ‘something’ is more of a force.” Others argue that the entity is a person. Of all those who believe in ‘something out there,’ fewer believe that this ‘something’ is a person. Is there any evidence that will lead us to conclude that this super entity is not a something, nor a force, but a person?

Let’s go back and utilize one of the principles from chapter one:


The prior cause or action is always greater in magnitude (degree) than the “effect” or the result. A human can design a robot but the robot can never design a human. By the same token the robot may produce a widget, but the widget can never produce a robot.

In section I, we used this principle to conclude that because energy (power) resides within the physical universe, there had to be a greater impetus of energy (power) outside of it, and this we defined as God. Let’s apply the same reasoning to another entity which we all know first hand, the human being.

Whether you consider humans to be part of the animal kingdom or a separate kingdom, we can all agree on many of the basic characteristics of this creature. We see these characteristics displayed around us everyday, and we witness them within our selves. We often call them personality traits, characteristics such as rationality, emotion, knowledge, willpower, communication abilities, creativity, self-preservation, socialization, introspection, capacity to worship, morality, etc. Many of these characteristics we share with animals, but some are unique to homo-sapiens.


If we use the principle “the greater creates the lesser,” and apply it to this group of creatures called human beings, we reach the conclusion that if any of these personality characteristics exist in human beings, they had to first exist to a larger degree somewhere else. For example, just as the energy contained in the physical universe presupposes a greater energy outside of the universe, so the existence of what we term rationality in the human species presupposes a greater rationality outside of human existence.

Some will argue that rationality can be learned, and it is true that degrees of rationality can be learned. However, we are not talking here about degrees of rationality. We are talking about rationality itself. If rationality itself exists as an entity within the human race, then according to the principle above, rationality itself must have had its origin in a rationality greater than that which we observe in the human race. A super-rationality if you will. A super-rationality that is beyond the rationality of the whole human race.


Applying this reasoning to all of the other personality characteristics which we observe in the human being, we reach the conclusion that all of them  must also have had their origin in “super-personality characteristics”  that are beyond the personality characteristics of the human race. Therefore, the super entity we talked about above, is not just a super-force, it is a super-person.  This super-person does not just possess a larger amount of rationality, morality, knowledge, etc., than we humans do. The super-person is  the source of rationality, morality, knowledge, etc. This super-person IS rationality, IS morality, IS knowledge, etc.


The super-powerful something that exists outside of the universe also has super-personality traits. It is not just a super- something, it is a super-person.


So, we have a supernatural personality (God) existing outside of our universe and responsible for it. Is that the end of the story?  It might be.  But with our built in inquisitiveness we soon wonder if there ever was or might be some communication from this supernatural person to our human race. Why would we ask that question? For one, because we humans are communicators. Not only just communicators, we humans seem to have an intense “will to communicate.” This same will  behind the drive to overcome all language barriers.

This human “will to communicate” is also evident in all the energy currently being expended to scan the heavens with electronic surveillance equipment in the hope that we may stumble across a communication from another civilization such as ours. Why bother? Is there any purpose to this endeavor other than our will to “just communicate.”


Where did this human “will to communicate” come from? In chapter two we looked at many of the characteristics of human beings as a basis for concluding that the entity responsible for human rationality, for example, had to be rationality itself. And extending that reasoning for all human traits, we concluded that the entity responsible for all of the traits which define a human being, had to be all of those traits amplified, or, had to possess those traits at the ultimate level. This led us to conclude that the something that is “out there,” is a super-person, not a super-force.

The human characteristic, “will to communicate,” is simply another one of the traits that define a human being, traits such as rationality, morality, etc. The super-person who is “out there” was the source of our own “will to communicate.” This super-person who is out there, must be the “will to communicate” itself, or must be communication, period. Based on this reasoning, we can expect that this super-person, would not only desire to communicate with the human family, but would have to, because this super-person is communication itself.


The super person outside of the universe would definitely seek to communicate with human beings because the super-person IS communication itself.


At the end of the last chapter we concluded that the human family could expect to have a communication of some sort from the super-person(God) who exists outside of this universe. Now if this communication were some message written in the clouds, or the stars, or in some cosmic digital format with a self explanatory code, something that we don’t normally see, then it would be easy to identify. If however, the communication were to come through the words of one of us humans, then there would be a problem because with so many humans communicating about so many things, it would be difficult to identify.


Assuming that there has been true communication at some point in the last 6000 years of recorded human history, there is no indication that such a communication was ever written in the clouds, the stars, or the cosmic digital format. On the other hand, there have been many human beings throughout history who have claimed to have had communication from their God. If the communication has come to the human family through a human spokesperson or human group, then we have the problem of identifying the true communication from those that are untrue.


Some will say, wait a minute. Maybe God spoke through ALL, or spoke through MANY of those human spokespersons who throughout history have claimed to have heard a true communication from God. Well, if God did speak through the ALL, or the MANY, then wouldn’t we logically expect that the ALL, or the MANY, would be in agreement concerning the identity of this God that spoke to them? Certainly, we would expect agreement.

Is that what we find? Do the many claims of communications from God throughout human history agree concerning the identity of the God that spoke through each of them? Absolutely not. The claims may overlap in some respects but most are very different when it comes to the identity of the Communicator.  So we can conclude that the God we are looking for, did not speak through ALL, could have spoken through SOME if they agree on Gods identity, or could have spoken through just ONE.


To help us determine which supposed communications from God are true, we need to look, not at the communication itself but at the definition of God that the communication contains.

We have previously established the following concerning the God beyond the universe. This God must be:

  •  An Infinite Power
  •  A Singularity
  •  An Infinite Personality
  •  The Impetus Behind the Universe

With this identity established, we can look at every supposed communication from God claimed by humans throughout recorded history, and see which ones identify a God with the above identifying characteristics.


Let’s start our quest to determine which among the major religious traditions, defines a God that has the above identity. We can start with the most recognized religious traditions and/or founders such as Buddha, Confucius, Krishna, Jesus, Mohammed, Abraham, Moses, etc. Add to these the many other traditions or spokespersons representing smaller groups too numerous to mention . Which tradition or spokesperson has communicated a God who is Infinitely Powerful, Infinitely Personal, and is a Single Entity who exists outside of our universe and who claims responsibility for its existence. Let’s start by eliminating those who do not fit this description, and see which ones are left standing at the end.


The easiest religious traditions to eliminate are all of the animist traditions in which God is equated to an animal form of some type. Worshiping a dog or a rat or other earthbound object is too earthy, not transcendent. No claims are made in these traditions concerning a God who is beyond time and space, instead; the God is bound up in a animal or a rock within time and space.


Next, eliminate all those traditions which involved worship of the Sun, the Moon, Fire, or other observable phenomena or object. These traditions were/are usually polytheistic, not the single entity we are looking for. There would be a Sun God, a Moon God, Earth God, Sky God, etc., all at the same time. Even when one of the Gods was defined as the supreme God, other Gods would continue to exist simultaneously within the same tradition. This does not meet our criteria of a Single entity. Another problem was that the Gods were too human. If you were a royal king or queen as in Egypt, you even might have had the prospect of becoming a God yourself. Certainly not the God beyond time and space that we are looking for. These Gods were simply a human reaction to natural phenomena which humans did not understand.


Add to this all of those Greek and Roman traditions of worshiping gods and goddesses which were made in the image of humans, i.e. Zeus, Mercury, etc. Again, the concept is too human. It’s the type of god any human would dream up if someone said he/she had to invent a god. It also was polytheistic. Neither of them can be the True God, because there are many.


Then eliminate those traditions that simply focus on remaking self into an improved version of self through enlightenment, meditation, etc. However noble, they often do not even address the concept of the transcendent, creator God. Their focus is on self and not on the characteristic of their God. In these traditions also, the great God may exist alongside of other Gods, thus negating his “God-ness.” Take for example the Hindu concept of Brahmin who is considered a supreme god but then exists along side of myriad of other gods. Similarly, the American Indian concept of the Great Spirit identifies a supreme being who is above all, but then there are other earthbound spirits which received worship as well.

Eliminating the above traditions makes our list very short. There are only a few traditions which define their God as Super-Powerful, Super Personality, Creator of the Universe, and a Singularity without competitors, and these traditions trace their concept of God to one individual who we first read about in the book of Genesis in the Old Testament. This person is Abraham, and the major traditions which trace back to Abraham are Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.


Most religious traditions do not communicate a God who even claims to be the super-powerful, super-personality, creator of the universe, and who claims to be the one and only God.

The one historical figure who first describes a communication from such a God was Abraham.


The God which Abraham encountered meets the description of a Super-Powerful, Super Personality, Creator of the Universe, and a Singularity without competitors. Let’s consider how revolutionary Abraham’s experience was and, how unique was this God who Abraham encountered.

Five thousand years ago the human family, in the form of tribal and family groups was migrating across the planet, developing agricultural practices, trading between groups, building monuments, building cities, in short doing many of the same things we do today. One thing that was noticeable however, was the divergence that characterized their settlements. This was not just one big happy family. There was this group and there was that group, and “we are different than you.” The nascent forms of nationalism were in existence from the start. This situation led to wars between groups, different customs, different languages, and, of course, different belief systems.


Five thousand years ago, these divergent tribal, city-state groups each had their own gods and beliefs. These were gods of the sun, of the moon, of the stars, of the harvest, of fertility, etc, Some were good gods and others were gods that you had to placate in one way or another. And just to be on the safe side, you probably had more than one god in your backyard just to be sure. Other belief systems focused not on a god but how you might become one, and if you did things properly, there was a chance that you too could become a god of some kind.. (See The Most High God and the  Gods of Antiquity)

This conglomeration of deities throughout the human race made a few things clear. One, mankind had a yearning or a need for connecting to some kind of higher power. Two, the many gods were created by humans to serve their own purposes because every god was tied to some manifestation of the human experience. In the middle of all this chaos of belief systems, we have a Bedouin trader saying that he has had a communication from a God who claims to be “outside of” heaven and earth, who claims to have created the heavens and earth, and who claims to be the One and Only, the True God.


Think of it. Tribes of people all over the world, each developing different languages, customs and gods to worship, and here is one person, Abraham, who doesn’t even have a permanent address, claiming that the True God, the Only God, has spoken to him. It is a unique idea but it doesn’t sound as if this idea would be too popular among all the multi-cultural, indigenous religions of the day. If Abraham’s God was who he claimed to be, then all other so called Gods were false.

Let’s consider the way in which this Most High God of Abraham, as described on the pages of the book of Genesis, meets the criteria we have established for the one True God. (At this point it would be good for the reader to read the whole account of Abraham in the book of Genesis in order to get the context for what follows)

Following are the chapter and verse references where the characteristics of the Most High God are described, grouped by the criteria we have established.

An Infinite Power

This God says to Abraham “I am God Almighty” Gen 17:1

Abraham’s God has control over natural disasters Gen: 19: 24, 25

This God has control over the destiny of the human race. Gen 15: 5

An Infinite Personality

This God displays these personal characteristics, to name a few:

Will to Communicate              Gen 12:1

Makes Promises                    Gen 13: 14, 15

Extends Comfort                    Gen 15: 1

Rationalizes or Reasons        Gen 18: 26

Expects certain behavior        Gen 18: 13

Evaluates                                Gen 22

The Impetus Behind the Universe

Abraham’s God is described as “Creator of Heaven and Earth” Gen 14: 19

Abraham’s God is described as “Creator of Heaven and Earth” Gen 14:22

An Infinite Singularity

Abraham’s God is described as “God Most High” Gen 14:19

(This name of God, “The Most High God,” we will use in the following sections of this booklet, in order to refer to this one transcendent being who has no equal.)


The God that Abraham encountered meets the criteria of super-powerful, super-personality, creator of heavens and earth, and a single God without competitors.

No other so-called Gods can claim any validity, because the infinite singleness of Abraham’s God, by definition, excludes all others.


The God of Abraham, written about in the pages of the Book of Genesis, has been made known as the one True God of the Universe, The Most High God. Is this where it all ends? Does this God forever exist outside of our universe with no connection to the human family other than that He created it? It might have ended this way but it doesn’t. As we read on in Genesis we discover that Abraham had not only discovered the identity of The Most High God, but that this Most High God had plans to be forever involved with the future of the human family.


In chapters 12 through 22 of Genesis, we find that this Most High God had specific and intimate plans for Abraham, for his descendants and ultimately for the whole human family. This was a surprising turn of events, but maybe we should have expected it. Earlier we stated that God was a Super-Personality having all of our personality traits to the infinite level. Well, one of our personality traits is certainly a desire for the future and welfare of our individual families, and this trait must have originated in this Most High God. So this Most High God is acting entirely consistent with His Nature when He shows that He intends to be forever connected to the human family. And His plans prove to be as astounding as His identity!


All of a sudden human existence has taken on a whole new perspective. A perspective forever changed by the astounding revelation to Abraham concerning one, the identity of this Most High God, and two, the direct involvement of this God with the future of the human family

Let’s take a closer look at the specific interventions which this God had in mind for the human family. Please read the account of Abraham and Sarah in chapters 12-22 of Genesis in order to have a background for the specifics that follow. Here is a review of the promises and the predictions which this Most High God first states, and then causes to happen in human history.

For Abraham and Sarah as individuals:

Tells them to travel to a new homeland which He has chosen for them. (Gen 12)

Promises to give Abraham and Sarah a son when they were nearly 100 year old, and then God does just that. (Gen 18)

Appears to them in human form in order to communicate with them. (Gen 18)

Asks Abraham to prove his Belief in this God’s promise, by being willing  to sacrifice the son of the promise. (Gen 22)

For Abraham as Head of a Family of Nations:

Promises to make a great nation of Abraham’s first son, Ishmael, the one whose mother was Hagar, the servant in Abraham’s household. Ishmael was to have 12 sons, leaders and princes of their separate kingdoms. (Gen 17) And it happens just that way. Their names are listed in Gen 25.

Promises to make a special covenant with Abraham’s second son, Isaac, the miracle child born to Abraham and Sarah when he was 100 and she was 90. (Gen 17) Through this special covenant, God will continue the promise made to Abraham to. And God makes it happen

For the Human Family

Promises to Bless the Human Family through Abraham’s descendents. (Gen 22: 15-18)

As we review the interaction which Abraham and Sarah had with the Most High God, we come away with a new understanding of how this Most High God intends to carry on his relationship with the human family:

The Most High God intends to be ‘in charge.’ This is no rule by committee. This is a benevolent dictatorship, not a democracy. He rules, but he also reasons and negotiates.

The Most High God is able to project His desires for the human family into the future. He has a plan to bring a special favor or blessing to the human family at some point in the future.

He has specific plans for certain families of peoples, i.e. nations. Whenever He says something will happen, it does.

The Most High God intends to be in charge of individual human beings and use them to carry out His plan for humanity. He “knows” about individual persons even before they are born.


The plans of the Most High God are not always understood from the human perspective. If they were, He would not be God. He will explain, dialogue and listen to the human perspective, but in the end, He rules and expects compliance with what He has decided.

This Most High God reserves the right to bring judgment upon on those who do not follow His plans.

The Most High God receives honor and obedience from human individuals.

This Most High God communicates to humans in various ways, by dreams, by visions, or even directly, by appearing in human form.

The plan which this Most High God had for the human family was not a religion, as we understand religions, but a solemn promise to bless the human family. This God did not say to Abraham “if you do this and this, then I will do this. Instead he made unconditional promises which he proceeded to fulfill even in Abrahams lifetime. This God was going to make things happen for the human family, no human input required. The only thing that Abraham “did” was to believe that this God was speaking the truth.


How different is this experience of Abraham from the experience of human beings caught up in the religious systems which have been devised by humans. When we humans go about to develop a religious system, or to invent a god, we start with the assumption that we humans must do certain things to appease this god of ours, or do certain things to attain to the level of this god. The initiative is all from the human side, whether it be saying so many prayers, giving so much money, improving one’s consciousness, attaining some new level, etc. These are all characteristics of religious systems and thoughts that originate with finite human beings.


Not so with this promise from the Most High God. This God was making a promise to the human family to favor it in a special way. No human input was required to make it happen. No conditions needed to be met. His promise and plan stands in sharp contrast to all the human based religious systems that existed during Abraham’s time, or which have been developed since. The Most High God that Abraham encountered was not only unique in His Identity, he was unique in His Initiative, and His Initiative was entirely consistent with His Identity as the transcendent One, the infinite Initiator.


The God who was revealed to Abraham not only made known His identity as the Only and Most High God, but also made known His intentions of being forever linked to the future of the human family.

The Most High God that Abraham encountered unveiled a specific plan to favor all of the human family. He plans to be intimately involved with the descendants of Abraham for the express purpose of bringing this favor to humankind.

The Covenant Promise initiated by this Most High God was completely different than the religious systems and thought that have had their origin in the minds of human beings.


In the previous section we learned about the covenant promise that the Most High God made to Abraham about a future favor to be given to all of mankind. As we learn more about this covenant promise, we discover that this Most High God intended to bring it to pass in a rather unique way. First, the promise was not going to be fulfilled in Abraham’s lifetime, but at some point in the distant future. However, it was not going to be fulfilled at some remote point in the future with no connection back to Abraham. No, the Most High God intended to use the lineage of family, in this case Abraham’s family, to make this original promise to Abraham connect to its ultimate and future fulfillment.

If Abraham had been the only one who knew about the promise, it might have died with him. Instead the Most High God devises a plan whereby the promise will be renewed with each succeeding generation. This will keep the promise alive for however many generations until it is fulfilled. In a strange way it will favor many generations with hope, even before the promise is fulfilled. This God has many surprises.


So how was this perpetual promise going to work? In those days the favor of a patriarch was passed from father to son, not to daughters. Abraham has at least eight sons, Ishmael by Hagar, Isaac by Sarah, and six others by Keturah. Will the promise be passed down through All of them? No. We learned earlier, in Genesis, that the Most High God was going to make a choice, and that the covenant promise would be passed on through one son, Isaac. Ishmael received a separate blessing and favor that would make him the head of twelve great nations, but the covenant promise was to continue on through Isaac.

In addition to God calling the shots ahead of time, even before the children are born, we find that The Most High God then confirms the promise to the chosen son during that son’s adult life. In Genesis 26, we read of Isaac’s interaction with God, and God’s re-confirmation of the covenant promise to him.


And so the process continues through the succeeding generations of Abraham’s family. We read about Isaac finding a bride Rebecca, and how she is expecting and delivering twin boys, Esau and Jacob, with Esau being the oldest by minutes. Then the Most High God intervenes with a prediction, “the eldest shall serve the youngest,” and that’s the way it eventually unfolds in their adult lives. And later, when Jacob becomes an adult we find that The Most High God reconfirms the covenant of promise of Abraham with him. Genesis 35


Next we come to Jacob’s offspring and their rather tumultuous existence. Let’s follow the covenant promise again, but first review the circumstances of their lives.

Remember, Jacob had encountered the Most High God and had been given a new name, he was to be known as Israel, not Jacob. Jacob was the father of twelve sons, his favorite being Joseph. In Genesis we learn those exciting details of how Joseph is sold into slavery in Egypt by his eleven brothers, how that the eleven brothers eventually end up in Egypt also because of a famine, how that Joseph has become the “vice pharaoh,” how that Joseph finally lets his brothers know who he really is, and how that Joseph arranges for his aging father to be brought down to Egypt to live there with the family.


What about the covenant promise? There is no prior designation by the Most High God of a chosen heir from among the twelve brothers. Does this mean that all of them will carry the covenant promise forward? Will the promise to Abraham to bless the whole world come through the children of all twelve brothers?

Or, if only one should be chosen, which among the twelve would be the most likely candidate. Well, Joseph is certainly the morally upright hero of the story, it must certainly should be Joseph’s family which should carry on the covenant promise.

The aging patriarch Jacob (Israel) is on his deathbed and calls together all twelve of his sons to confer his final blessing upon them and their posterity. In Genesis we read the specific predictions and favors he bestows upon each son. There are blessings, favors, and predictions of the future for each of their extended families, and the focus is each family’s good fortune for the future. But wait, take a closer look at the blessing given to Judah:

Genesis 49

8 “Judah, your brothers will praise you;
your hand will be on the neck of your enemies;
your father’s sons will bow down to you.

9 You are a lion’s cub, O Judah;
you return from the prey, my son.
Like a lion he crouches and lies down,
like a lioness—who dares to rouse him?

10 The scepter will not depart from Judah,
nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,
until he comes to whom it belongs
and the obedience of the nations is his.

11 He will tether his donkey to a vine,
his colt to the choicest branch;
he will wash his garments in wine,
his robes in the blood of grapes.

12 His eyes will be darker than wine,
his teeth whiter than milk.


Right there in the middle of Jacob’s pronouncement about Judah’s family, is an announcement and a prediction unlike any given to the other eleven brothers. In verse 10 we read one, that Judah’s family will have a future ruling presence among the brothers that will come in the form of a special person who will command the obedience of the nations:

10 The scepter will not depart from Judah,
nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,
until he comes to whom it belongs
and the obedience of the nations is his.

And in verse 11, this special, ruling person will have some other contrasting characteristics, more typically associated with those of a servant:

11 He will tether his donkey to a vine,
his colt to the choicest branch;
he will wash his garments in wine,
his robes in the blood of grapes.

What an astounding blessing and prediction by the aging patriarch, Jacob. It goes way beyond a simple blessing of an heir, and speaks about a special person who will come and command universal obedience. The family of Judah was to carry forward the covenant promise originally given to Abraham. From a human perspective, Joseph, not Judah would have been chosen because of Joseph’s extraordinary accomplishments in Egypt. The Most High God had other plans.


The covenant promise of the Most High God to favor the human family will come through the descendants of Judah, one of Abraham’s great-grandsons.

The covenant promise to favor the human family involves an individual who will someday reign over the nations.


We had concluded that an Infinite, Singular God, who was communication personified, would seek to communicate with the human family. We concluded that the first instance in recorded history where it was claimed that there was communication from a “god” that met the identity of an Infinite, Singular God, was in the accounts of Abraham and Sarah recorded in the book of Genesis. There we found that a MOST HIGH GOD communicated His intention to bless the human family through a covenant promise involving a future person who would be a ruler among the nations. The Most High God repeated this promise to Abraham, his son Isaac and Isaac’s son, Jacob. And from Jacob we learned that the covenant promise was to be passed on through the family of one of Jacob’s twelve sons, the family of Judah


The account in the book of Genesis ends with Jacob’s family still living in Egypt. They would be there for approximately 400 years. Jacob soon dies, and the twelve sons would also die during that period of sojourn in Egypt. There is no immediate heir of Judah designated to take up the covenant promise as had happened from Abraham to Judah. Generations of Judah’s heirs were born and died without anything further said about the promise. Does this mean the covenant promise had been forgotten? Would God ever communicate anything else regarding this covenant promise and the promised ruler who was to come? Yes, He would, and He did it for approximately 1000 years through a group of individuals called prophets.


Abraham himself was a prophet. But beginning with the exodus of the Hebrew people from Egypt, there began to be a succession of individuals who claimed to be a communication channel from the Most High God, and they became known as prophets, or prophetesses. Moses, the leader of the nation during the exodus, was a prophet, but there were many others who would follow. These individuals became spokespersons for the Most High God and they became the conscience of this small nation of Israel. And it was through the role of the prophet that the Most High God continued to inform mankind about the covenant promise, about the ruler that was to come through the family of Judah.


What was the role of the prophet or prophetess? For one the prophet spoke to the moral issues of the day based on what God had communicated to him. The prophets were the constant reminder to kings and peasants that the Most High God was the one in charge. The prophets pleaded withe everyone to heed God’s commands. Much of the Old Testament is devoted to accounts of the exploits of these prophets. They were the link to the claims of the almighty God. The message of the prophet often contained conditional references to the future. “If this nation does this, then such and such will happen.” The prophet was the communication link to God during a period of 1000 years. The period was from the time of the exodus from Egypt, until the return from the Babylonian captivity.


How do we know that the communication through the prophets was from the same source as the communication to Abraham? For one, the prophets claimed that the God they spoke for had the same identity as the Most High God of Abraham. They consistently spoke in the name of this Most High God. (They coined a Hebrew name for this God, Yahweh) In addition, if a prophet were presumed to speak on behalf of any other god, that prophet was to be identified as a false prophet.

How can we know the prophets spoke the truth? One, these individuals did not know each other, living at different times and locations, and yet their message always agreed with each other. This internal agreement of their message was independent confirmation that they each were speaking in the name of and on the authority of God. Secondly, they spoke out many times at the cost or risk of their own lives. And lastly, there was an internal test which God gave to determine whether a prophet was a true prophet or a false prophet. A true prophet spoke only in the name of God, and, secondly, if the events that a prophet predicted came true, he was a true prophet. By these tests, the nation of Israel knew a true prophet, from a false prophet.


Some of the true prophets of the Old Testament we recognize easily, individuals such as Moses, Samuel, Elijah, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Hosea, Joel, Zechariah, etc. Much of the Old Testament writings are the utterances of the prophets and also, are a record of their interactions with the religious and civil rulers of the day. There were many other prophets that are less recognizable by name but in practically every socio-political episode recorded in the Old Testament, we find someone designated as the true prophet of the Most High God who conveys God’s message to others.

The primary message of the prophet was typically a forceful commentary concerning a particular immediate situation which the nation was facing during the prophet’s lifetime, whether it was a future battle, or a treaty, or an appeal to national repentance. And the weight of the prophet’s authority was evidenced by an introduction of “Thus says the Lord.” The message from the prophet was recognized as the means of communication from the Most High God to the rulers and the people of Israel.


The message of the prophet often included a reference to the future, and it is in some of these future oriented messages that we once again see references to the covenant promise, and to the coming ruler, that special person from the tribe of Judah who would fulfill the covenant promise and bestow Gods favor on the human family.

It is through the message of some of the prophets that we learn that the covenant promise did not die with Judah, even though many centuries had passed with no reference to Judah’s heirs passing it on. And the way it would happen was miraculous in and of itself. An isolated prophet, living and speaking to a local issue would pronounce a message of “thus says the Lord” that spoke to the social political issue of the day, and there in the middle of that local context, the prophet would make a reference to the covenant promise, a reference that looked far beyond the local issue. In many cases it seemed as if the prophet was not even aware of the significance of the words that he/she had just spoken.


The one key prophetic statement that confirmed that the covenant promise was still being passed on through the generations came through a prophet called Nathan speaking to King David around 1000 BC. The message through Nathan dealt with an immediate issue concerning who would be responsible to build a temple for the Lord.  Nathan’s message establishes that it would be one of David’s sons (II Sam 7). But embedded within that local prophecy by Nathan there is an important statement. It transcends the immediate, and looks down the corridor of history.

“Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me; your throne will be established forever.” II Sam 7: 16

The response of King David shows that he understood the significance of this special promise to his descendents. Here’s what David said:

“O Sovereign LORD, you are God! Your words are trustworthy, and you have promised these good things to your servant. 29 Now be pleased to bless the house of your servant, that it may continue forever in your sight; for you, O Sovereign LORD, have spoken, and with your blessing the house of your servant will be blessed forever.” II Sam 7: 28-29

And later, in the Book of the Psalms, by David:

“The LORD swore an oath to David, a sure oath that he will not revoke: One of your own descendants I will place on your throne. if your sons keep my covenant and the statutes I teach them, then their sons will sit on your throne for ever and ever.” Psalms 132: 11-12

After a period of approximately 700 years, the Most High God breaks into the human experience. He speaks  through the words of a humble prophet and the message is clear.  The covenant promise continues, and it will now continue through the family tree of King David. And you guessed it- King David was a descendant from the tribe of Judah!


The communication from the Most High God continues through messages of the Hebrew prophets.

The covenant promise continues to be in force after many centuries had passed during which little reference was made to it.

The covenant promise will be completed through the family of King David who himself was a descendent of Judah.


The original promise to Abraham through Judah stated that a special person would someday appear. This person would have a contrasting dual role of both an international ruler and a lowly servant. In the section just completed we saw that this ruler was destined to sit on the throne of David.  We also saw that the Most High God was continuing to communicate to the human family through the messages of the prophets. We looked at one prophet, Nathan, but there were many others who appeared both before and after Nathan. And many of them also communicated information about the covenant promise. They also spoke specific facts about the identity of the special person to come.

As we look at the information communicated by the prophets we must again remember that they each lived in different places and at different times and were not in consultation with each other. Each of them contributed only small pieces of information about the promised ruler. And often these pieces of information were always contained within the context of a localized message. It is only when we take all of the pieces, from all of the prophets, and put them together as a tapestry, do we come up with the overall picture of this special person.


Here are some of the specific statements which various prophets made concerning this future heir of the throne of David:

“A Prophet will come like me, him you will hear.”      by Moses, circa 1300 BC (Deuteronomy 18: 15)

“A Scepter will rise from Jacob.”        by Balaam, circa 1200 BC (Numbers 24: 17)

“The kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers gather together against the LORD and against his Anointed One.”      by David, circa 1000 BC (Psalms 2)

“I have installed my King on Zion, my holy hill. I will proclaim the decree of the LORD:
He said to me, “You are my Son today I have become your Father. Ask of me, and I will make the nations your inheritance, the ends of the earth your possession.
You will rule them with an iron scepter you will dash them to pieces like pottery.
Therefore, you kings, be wise; be warned, you rulers of the earth.”
by David, circa 1000 BC (Psalms 2)


“Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel.”
by Isaiah, circa700 BC (Isaiah 7:14)

“For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders.
And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.
Of the increase of his government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David’s throne and
over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and
forever. The zeal of the LORD Almighty will accomplish this.”
by Isaiah, circa 700 BC (Isaiah 9: 6-7)

“He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering. Like one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not. Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted.”
by Isaiah, circa 700 BC (Isaiah 53: 3-4)

“Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong, because he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors. For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.”
by Isaiah, circa 700 BC (Isaiah 53: 12 )


As we look over the above prophetic descriptions of the special person who was to come, what type of picture emerges? First, we are immediately struck with that same two-sided theme that we noticed in that first blessing of Jacob on Judah’s family. Remember that Jacob’s description of the person was a dual one, like two sides of a coin. On one side was a description of an internationally recognized ruling type person, On the other side, a description of a servant type individual riding on a donkey. That same dual description appears in the selections above.


Secondly, we see in the selection from Isaiah 53: 12 that this person’s greatness is directly attributed to his death and his bearing of sin, a strange combination indeed. And thirdly, the ruling presence of this special person will apparently be contested somehow by the kings and rulers of the earth. And lastly, this “son” with the government on his shoulders, will be called among others, the Mighty God, and the Everlasting Father.

We had previously concluded that there was only one Most High God, and that by definition there could be no others. Based upon the descriptions given by the prophets concerning the special person coming in the future there can be only one logical conclusion:

The special person of the covenant promise is The Mighty God and He will appear in human form.  This will not be the first time He appears in human form because He did the same when He appeared to Abraham, as recorded in Genesis 18.


The Most High God continued to reaffirm the covenant promise of a special person to come through the Hebrew prophets of the Old Testament.

The Hebrew prophets described the coming special person as both Mighty God, and as a Servant Person.

The special person of the covenant promise must be the Most High God in human form as there can only be one Most High God.


We have concluded that the special person of the covenant promise to Abraham would be none other than the Most High God in the form of a human. Now we must ask whether this appearance is still in the future, or whether it has already happened.

As we look back over the centuries since the prophets described the special person, we are probably aware of the claims of Jesus Christ who lived and died in Palestine 2000 plus years ago.

Jesus Christ claimed to be the Most High God in human form. He claimed to be the Son of God, on a par equal to God. He said “If you have seen me, you have seen the Father.” He also claimed to be the head of a kingdom, the kingdom of God as opposed to an earthly empire. So his claims do match the identity of the person we are looking for.


On the other hand, there have been others throughout history who also claimed that they were God. And there will probably be others still future who make the same claim. So how do we evaluate the claims of anyone claiming to be this special emissary of the covenant?

Let’s turn again to those Hebrew prophets who initially spoke of the special person of the covenant promise. Did they say anything else about this person? Did they describe any other features about him that would help us in our quest? They did. In fact, they said so much, and in such detail, that it would be easy to make a correct identification.


Here is a list of descriptive characteristics and attributes which the special person of the covenant promise must possess. They were stated by the Hebrew prophets between 1000 BC and 400 BC.

He must be  born in the Town of Bethlehem. Micah 5:2

He must be from the family of King David. II Samuel 7: 16

His name must be Immanuel, (meaning God with us) Isaiah 7: 14

He must also be “out of Egypt” and “of Nazareth.” Hosea 11: 1, Amos 2: 11

He must come riding on a donkey. Zechariah 9:9

He must suffer and die at the hands of his accusers. Isaiah 53; 7-8

He must be “cut off” 483 years after the command of Cyrus to rebuild Jerusalem. Daniel 9: 26

He must be sold for 30 pieces of silver. Zechariah 11:12-13

His accusers must gamble for his clothes. Psalms 22:18

His body must be pierced. Zechariah 12:10

He must be crucified.  Psalms 22:12-17

He must be an “offering for the sin of mankind.” Isaiah 53:11-12

He must be able to triumph over death. Isaiah 53:10-12


We know from eyewitness testimony that Jesus Christ of Nazareth met each of the above predictions of the Hebrew prophets.

Has there ever been anyone else in the whole history of mankind who could make the same claim?    Never!

There will probably be someone in the future who claims to be God in human form. But would it be possible for that person to meet all of the above criteria?The mathematical probability of a future person’s life meeting each one of the above criteria is impossible. It will never happen again!


Where does this leave us in our quest. Jesus Christ of Nazareth claimed to be the “sent one,” the fulfillment of the statements made by the prophets of the Old Testament. We have seen that in His birth, life, death and resurrection He met every one of the detailed stipulations having to do with the “servant character” of the prophecies. But remember, the original prophesy concerning Judah also spoke of a contrasting side, the promise of a ruler who would command the obedience of the nations. Did Jesus of Nazareth become that type of ruler? No, he did not. He said He had a kingdom which was outside of this world, but the nations of the world have never been allegiant to that spiritual kingdom. Does this mean He is not the Promised One who was to come?


If Jesus Christ is not the promised One, then there will never be a promised One, because we concluded above that no one in the future would be able to satisfy the detailed criteria established by the prophets concerning the promised One’s family, birth, life, death, and resurrection. Not having a promised One, however, would mean that the Most High God had failed to live up to the promise made to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. But if the Most High God is true to His character, and His promise, then the only answer to our dilemma is that the ruling and reigning aspect of Jesus Christ is still in the future. And this is the exact message that Jesus Christ left with His followers. He said He had come once to earth to die for the whole world, and that He would come a second time as a reigning judge.

Because Jesus Christ fulfilled every detail that the Hebrew prophets had predicted about his first coming, we can be confident that He will complete everything the prophets wrote about His second coming. It is not a matter of IF, but WHEN?


And strangely enough, we are not the first ones to ask this very question. After Jesus’ disciples had witnessed His death they were depressed and fearful. But after they saw Him alive with their own eyes, they were exuberant and fearless. And during one of those exuberant episodes, they concluded that because of Christ’s triumph over death, He would now triumph as ruler over the nation of Israel. We read about in the Acts of the Apostles, Chapter One. The specific question asked by the disciples was:

“Master, will you at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?”

These Jewish disciples were fully aware of the promise of a ruler who would sit on the throne of David and command the obedience of the nations. They had just witnessed His triumph over Death, and knew that He had the power and authority to take His rightful place on the eternal throne of David. It was a most crucial question. Carefully note the response of Christ Jesus. He said:

“It is not for you to know the times and the place which the Father has reserved  into his own hand.”

The risen Christ does not say “oh, things have changed and that is not going to happen.” He does not say “oh, somebody else is going to take on that role.” Instead He simply says that it is a matter of time and place. The time and place were not yet correct, and that the disciples would not be given that information. And He says that only the Father knows the time and place. And if the Father knows the time and place, then it will happen. Christ will someday take His place on the eternal throne of David.


Jesus Christ of Nazareth made the distinct claim that He was the Most High God in a human form. Just making the claim sets Him apart from all other major religious persons in the history of mankind.

Jesus Christ of Nazareth met all the detailed criteria and characteristics which the Hebrew prophets had stated concerning the promised person’s “human,” or, “servant” characteristics. This included His family, birth, life, death, and resurrection. There is no possibility, past or future, that anyone else has or will ever be able to satisfy those same “human” criteria and characteristics,

Because the covenant promise cannot be abandoned by the Most High God, and because Jesus Christ is the only one ever able to meet the “human” characteristics established by the Hebrew prophets, we conclude that Jesus Christ will in the future, fulfill the remaining part of the covenant promise, and rule and reign on the throne of David.


We started by establishing that there must be a God outside of this universe, responsible for creating everything. Then we concluded that God had to be a super-power and super-personality. Next we reasoned that this God would communicate with the human family because this God IS Communication. Then we found that the first instance of a communication, from a God that fits our criteria.  It is recorded in the accounts of Abraham about 2000 BC. This communication to Abraham included a promise of a future favor that God was going to confer on mankind. We also learned that this future favor was to involve a special person who was described in great detail.


The covenant promise was first handed down through Abraham’s offspring, and then to the Hebrew prophets. The prophets spoke very specifically about the characteristics of this future special person who would favor all of mankind. The nature of these prophecies and the accuracy of their fulfillment l Jesus Christ was the fulfillment. And we saw that Christ’s coming to earth was to happen twice, with a separate mission for each. His first coming as Savior is confirmation that He is coming again as Lord.


It is apparent that the Most High God has and is carrying out a “super-plan” that involves all of mankind. It is also apparent that this super-plan is timeless, it is eternal. The plan spans our finite generations of time and operates outside of the boundary of death..How does this super-plan affect you and me, living at this point in time? It is clear that the Most High God of the prophets, has now communicated to mankind by Jesus Christ. The message that comes to us through Jesus Christ confirms the promise given to Abraham:

“God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten Son that whosoever believeth in him would not perish but have everlasting life.” John 3:16

Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of that covenant promise to Abraham to bring favor to the whole world. The original promise required faith and trust on Abraham’s part.  The completed promise requires faith and trust by each of us. Jesus Christ died on a cross for the sins of the world, which included yours and mine. He offers forgiveness to you, and eternal life. It is a free gift, but you must accept it and make your own.


There can be only one Most High God,. The Most High God who revealed himself to Abraham now speaks through Jesus Christ. And there is no other way to approach this God than through Jesus Christ. Jesus Christ was very clear when he said:

“I am the WAY the TRUTH and the L IFE, no one comes to the FATHER except by ME.”  John 14:6

Jesus is also clear about those who reject this offer or who are indifferent to it:

                 “He who believes in Him is not condemned, but he who does not believe is condemned already because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.” John 3:18

Where are you in relation to this promise from the Most High God? Have you placed your trust and confidence in Jesus Christ? The Most High God wants to communicate with you and me in the same way He did with Abraham. He wants to be your personal God. It is a choice for each of us. Jesus Christ offers us God’s forgiveness for our sins. He offers us peace with God. He offers us a new life and an eternal life. Apart from Him is darkness and condemnation. It is really not a difficult choice.


One of the sad commentaries about us humans is that our stubbornness often keeps us from the Most High God. At times we reject what we know is true, just so we can act like we are in charge. Don’t let your stubbornness keep you from this relationship with this Most High God. Without Him there is just increasing darkness and confusion. And a rejection of this free gift means that you will face the eternal judgment of God.

It would have been very easy for Abraham to dismiss the promises that God made to him. From a human perspective they were laughable and unrealistic. But Abraham believed God, and that made all the difference. And Abraham had to believe a promise into the dim future. while You and I have the advantage of seeing it played out in recorded history. I hope that you too, like Abraham, will embrace the covenant promise through Jesus Christ.


If you are seriously seeking whether these things are true, try a little experiment.  Ask God for an explanation.  He will listen to you just like he did with Abraham. Ask Him, “If you are the Most High God, please confirm it to me with some evidence in my life.”   Or to Jesus, “If you are truly my Savior, confirm it to me with some evidence in my life.”   Approach God with an honest commitment to act upon what He shows you. He will reveal Himself to you in some circumstance of your life. It may be a chance encounter with someone. Or maybe a dream or a vision. It may be a communication through the media, or some circumstance you did not expect. The Most High God will show you that He wants to do business with you.

When you are ready to choose Him, you can simply:

Admit to God that you have fallen short of His moral requirements.

Believe that Jesus’ death and resurrection paid the price for your sin.

Confess Jesus Christ as your Savior and Lord.

“If you confess with your mouth, ‘Jesus is Lord,’ and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.”        Romans 10:9


1.   Obtain a Bible and read those passages that have been mentioned above. Read about Jesus in the Gospel of John. Ask God for help in understanding the Bible.

2.   The Bible is available on the internet at

3.   Two sites that answer questions regarding the claims of Jesus Christ, can be found at:

4.   For Jewish authored resources on the Old Testament and the Messiah visit:

For a study of the Jewish Messiah, see video:

5.    E-mail inquiries can be directed to: